Northern Khanty


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A tale about the adventures of a fox, influenced by the Russian and European motifs.

Recorded in Katravozh in 1990 from Stepan Kelchin (born in 1915).



  • ɔχsar iki u-l. χɔr ɔχsar iki. ... śiti śi sus-i-li-j-ə-l. litit kăs-l, χŏn tel kăs-l. i lɔt-na χuj-man litit χălśa wŭ-l-a? ut'śa ul-ti χɔt-na, wan u-s χŭw u-s, nŏməs-na jŏχət-l-a: “ma jina pa luχəs tăj-s-ə-m katra. χɔr mŭs luχəs iki. χɔt-l lăp χir-man u-s pa lŭw kim pit-i-li-j-ə-l amŏla ăntam, χăl-ə-s li lilaŋ li, jăχ-l-ə-m ki lulən, śi liram-l-ə-m.” ja atul. tŏχi măn-ə-s, art-ə-l-ə-lli, ul-t-al lampa. χɔt ker-ə-t-man ńŏχəmt-ij-ə-s, ŭw-ə-t-s-ə-lli: “χɔr mŭs iki ul-l-ə-n?” “ul-l-ə-m, ul-l-ə-m, ɔχsar năŋ?” ma, ma. pa năŋ kim pit-ti śir-en ăntam?” pa śi kŭs kim pit-ti lit-l-aj-ə-m lulən pa kim pit-ti śir-em ăntam.” “pa ma, law-ə-l, tălta, law-ə-l, kaməlta χirəs-ti pit-l-ə-m kŭr-l-am-na jɔs-l-am-na. mŭw-ə-l jel χir-l-em pa năŋ lipi ewəlt suŋχ-ant-a, sŭkat-a. kat neŋχuj jur-em-ə-n-na χŏtaś wŭs wer-l-ə-mən.” χirəs-s-ə-ŋən, kŭmpəl-s-ə-ŋən, χŏplem-ə-s-ŋən. χɔr mŭs iki kim pit-ə-s. wŏlli met-m-al. śiti χŏti mɔs-l, χɔr mŭs iki leśat-ij-ə-s, mŭŋχəs-ij-ə-s mŭw χŏśa mŏlaj-na, jesa lawem-ə-s pɔm tăχti mŏlaj-na.
    fox old:man be-NONPST male fox old:man so FOC step-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST food seek-NONPST stomach full seek-NONPST one place-LOC lie-CVB from:where food take-NONPST-PAS alone be-NMLZ.IMPF house-LOC short be-PST long be-PST mind-LOC arrive-NONPST-PAS 1SG DP and friend have-PST-0-1SG before male cow friend old:man house-3SG closed tie-CVB be-PST and 3 out fall-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST what not:be die-0-PST [or] life [or] walk-NONPST-0-1SG if SBJV DP investigate-NONPST-0-1SG DP ever to:there go-0-PST investigate-0-NONPST-0-SG.3SG be-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG similar house turn-TR-CVB run-FREQ-0-PST shout-0-TR-PST-0-SG.3SG male cow old:man be-NONPST-0-2SG be-NONPST-0-1SG be-NONPST-0-1SG fox 2SG 1SG 1SG and 2SG out fall-NMLZ.IMPF strength-2SG not:be and DP behind out fall-NMLZ.IMPF want-NONPST-PAS-0-1SG OPT and out fall-NMLZ.IMPF strength-1SG not:be and 1SG say-0-NONPST from:here say-0-NONPST from:outside dig-NMLZ.IMPF start-NONPST-0-1SG leg-PL-3SG-LOC arm-PL-3SG-LOC land-0-3SG ahead dig-NONPST-SG.1SG and 2SG inside from kick-FREQ-IMP break-IMP two person power-1DU-LOC how opening make-NONPST-0-1DU dig-PST-0-3DU thunder-PST-0-3DU make:noise-PST-0-3DU male cow old:man out fall-0-PST completely tire-NMLZ.PF-3SG so how must-NONPST male cow old:man prepare-FREQ-0-PST wipe:off-FREQ-0-PST land to what-LOC a:little eat-0-PST grass bit what-LOC
    лиса старик быть-NONPST male лиса старик так ФОК шаг-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST еда искать-NONPST stomach full искать-NONPST один место-ЛОК лежать-КОНВ from:where еда взять-NONPST-ПАС alone быть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ дом-ЛОК short быть-ПРОШ длинный быть-ПРОШ ум-ЛОК прибыть-NONPST-ПАС 1ЕД DP and другой have-ПРОШ-0-1ЕД перед male корова другой старик дом-3ЕД closed связать-КОНВ быть-ПРОШ and 3 из fall-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST что not:be умереть-0-ПРОШ [or] жизнь [or] идти-NONPST-0-1ЕД if СОСЛ DP investigate-NONPST-0-1ЕД DP ever to:there идти-0-ПРОШ investigate-0-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД быть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД similar дом turn-TR-КОНВ бежать-ФРЕКВ-0-ПРОШ кричать-0-TR-ПРОШ-0-ЕД.3ЕД male корова старик быть-NONPST-0-2ЕД быть-NONPST-0-1ЕД быть-NONPST-0-1ЕД лиса 2ЕД 1ЕД 1ЕД and 2ЕД из fall-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ strength-2ЕД not:be and DP за из fall-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ хотеть-NONPST-ПАС-0-1ЕД OPT and из fall-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ strength-1ЕД not:be and 1ЕД сказать-0-NONPST from:here сказать-0-NONPST from:outside dig-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-NONPST-0-1ЕД нога-МН-3ЕД-ЛОК arm-МН-3ЕД-ЛОК земля-0-3ЕД вперед dig-NONPST-ЕД.1ЕД and 2ЕД inside от лягнуть-ФРЕКВ-ИМП break-ИМП два человек power-1ДВ-ЛОК как opening делать-NONPST-0-1ДВ dig-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ thunder-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ шуметь-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ male корова старик из fall-0-ПРОШ completely tire-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-3ЕД так как must-NONPST male корова старик приготовить-ФРЕКВ-0-ПРОШ wipe:off-ФРЕКВ-0-ПРОШ земля к что-ЛОК a:little есть-0-ПРОШ grass bit что-ЛОК
    There lived old man fox. Old man fox. He went along. He was looking for food, for something to eat. Lying in one spot, from where should he take food? He lived alone at home for a long or a short time and thought: “Once I had a friend. My friend was old man bull. His house is buried, he never comes out. I’ll go to see whether he is dead or alive.” Well, fine. He went there and looked. He was apparently alive. He ran around the house, shouting: “Are you there, old man bull?” “It’s me, it’s me. Is that you, fox?” “It’s me, it’s me. Don’t you have the strength to come out?” “I’d like to come out, but I don’t have the strength to come out.” The fox said: “From here I’ll dig on the outside with my hands and feet. I’ll keep on digging the earth and you kick and thrust from inside. With the strength of two persons we’ll somehow make a hole.” They dug, they made noise, they worked hard. Old man bull came out. He was completely worn out. As was necessary, old man bull tidied himself, wiping off the dirt or whatever. He ate a bit of grass or something.
  • ɔχsar-na ińśəs-l-a: “χŏti mus ăn tăj-t-en śat-l?” “jăm, jăm, law-ə-l. nemŏsa mus tăj-ti sij-ə-m ăntam.” “ăntam pa, law-ə-l, ma itta i pŏtər tăj-l-ə-m, lawəl, tŭta mŭs tăχaj-na taś-ə-ŋ wɔs χuj u-l pa, law-ə-l, ew-el tăj-ə-l. niŋ wŭ-t-emən atəm?” law-ə-l pa: “niŋ χŏti min-emən χŏj-na mă-l-a? nemŏsa ŏχ-emən ăntam, mŏla jɔχ pa χŏl măn-l?” ɔχsar iki law-ə-l: “ŏχ ul-ti pit-l. năŋ tup kas ki tăj-l-ə-n,” law-ə-l. “pa kas χŏti mŏla itta tăjləm. niŋ χŏti mɔs-l, śi ul-ti pil. ut'śa χŏti ul-l-a.”
    fox-LOC ask-NONPST-PAS how illness NEG have-NMLZ.IMPF-2SG hear-NONPST good good say-0-NONPST nothing illness have-NMLZ.IMPF noise-0-1SG not:be not:be and say-0-NONPST 1SG that one have-NONPST-0-1SG say-0-NONPST there cow place-LOC herd-0-PROPR town man be-NONPST and girl-3SG have-0-NONPST woman take-NMLZ.IMPF-1DU bad say-0-NONPST woman how 1DU-ACC/DAT who-LOC give-NONPST-PAS nothing money-1DU not:be what man and where go-NONPST fox old:man say-0-NONPST money be-NMLZ.IMPF start-NONPST 2SG only desire if have-NONPST-0-2SG say-0-NONPST and desire how what DP have-NONPST-0-1SG woman how must-NONPST DP be-NMLZ.IMPF companion alone how be-NONPST-PAS
    лиса-ЛОК спросить-NONPST-ПАС как illness НЕГ have-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-2ЕД слышать-NONPST хороший хороший сказать-0-NONPST ничего illness have-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ noise-0-1ЕД not:be not:be and сказать-0-NONPST 1ЕД тот один have-NONPST-0-1ЕД сказать-0-NONPST там корова место-ЛОК herd-0-ПРОПР город мужчина быть-NONPST and girl-3ЕД have-0-NONPST женщина взять-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-1ДВ плохой сказать-0-NONPST женщина как 1ДВ-АКК/ДАТ кто-ЛОК дать-NONPST-ПАС ничего money-1ДВ not:be что мужчина and где идти-NONPST лиса старик сказать-0-NONPST money быть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-NONPST 2ЕД only desire if have-NONPST-0-2ЕД сказать-0-NONPST and desire как что DP have-NONPST-0-1ЕД женщина как must-NONPST DP быть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ товарищ alone как быть-NONPST-ПАС
    The fox asked him: “What’s with you? Are you ill?” “I’m fine, fine,” he said. “I have no illness at all.” “I have something to tell about,” said the fox. “There’s a person here from the rich city, he has a daughter. Wouldn’t you like to get married?” “Who will give us a woman? We have no money, where should such a person go?” Old man fox said: “We’ll have money. You just have to want to.” “I want to. A woman is needed, a partner for life. How should one live alone?”
  • taś-ə-ŋ wɔs χuj χŏśa măn-l-ə-ŋən. tŏχi jŏχət-l-ə-ŋən. lapət-l-aj-ŋən mŏlaj-na, li-l-ə-t, jiś-l-ə-t. ɔχsar iki law-i-li-j-ə-l: “min, law-ə-l, năŋ χŏś-en, law-ə-l, jŏwərti-ti ji-s-mən” law-ə-l, taś-ə-ŋ wɔs χuj pela law-i-li-j-ə-l. “mŏla-ji jŏwərti-l-tən?” “pa ew-en, law-ə-l, χŏśa wŭrti-ti ji-s-mən, niŋ wŭ-ti-ji, niŋ wŭ-l-mən.” “pa χŏjt-en elti?” “pa tăm, law-ə-l, χɔr mŭs ik-em elti.” “pa, law-ə-l, χŏj-na wan-s-a, śit χŏti, law-ə-l, ma niŋ jesa, law-ə-l, sus-ə-l-ij-a-ti, ma jesa numəs-l-ə-m pa weləś.” nu, śiti χŭw wan u-s pa ińśəs-l-ə-lli: “ja χŏti numəs-l-ə-n,” ɔχsar iki taś-ə-ŋ wɔs χuj pela law-i-li-j-l. “χŏti numəs-l-ə-m pa, law-ə-l, nin wer-ə-n, law-ə-l. tiŋ tăj-l-ə-tən ki, a tiŋ pa χŏl măn-l”. “al tiŋ ăntam, ŏχ χŏti, law-ə-l, u-l.”
    herd-0-PROPR town man to go-NONPST-0-3DU to:there arrive-NONPST-0-3DU feed-NONPST-PAS-3DU what-LOC eat-NONPST-0-3PL drink-NONPST-0-3PL fox old:man say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST 1DU say-0-NONPST 2SG to-2SG say-0-NONPST demand-NMLZ.IMPF come-PST-1DU say-0-NONPST herd-0-PROPR town man towards say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST what-TRANS demand-NONPST-2DU and girl-2SG say-0-NONPST to propose-NMLZ.IMPF come-PST-1DU woman take-NMLZ.IMPF-TRANS woman take-NONPST-1DU and who-2SG from and this say-0-NONPST male cow old:man-1SG from and say-0-NONPST who-LOC see-PST-PAS that how say-0-NONPST 1SG woman a:little say-0-NONPST step-0-TR-FREQ-IMP-2PL 1SG a:little think-NONPST-0-1SG and right:away INTJ so long short be-PST and ask-NONPST-0-SG.3SG DP how think-NONPST-0-2SG fox old:man herd-0-PROPR town man towards say-0-IMPF-FREQ-NONPST how think-NONPST-0-1SG and say-0-NONPST 2DU thing-0-2DU say-0-NONPST bride:price have-NONPST-0-2DU if [but] bride:price and where go-NONPST very:much bride:price not be money how say-0-NONPST be-NONPST
    herd-0-ПРОПР город мужчина к идти-NONPST-0-3ДВ to:there прибыть-NONPST-0-3ДВ кормить-NONPST-ПАС-3ДВ что-ЛОК есть-NONPST-0-3МН drink-NONPST-0-3МН лиса старик сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST 1ДВ сказать-0-NONPST 2ЕД к-2ЕД сказать-0-NONPST demand-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ прийти-ПРОШ-1ДВ сказать-0-NONPST herd-0-ПРОПР город мужчина в:направлении сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST что-TRANS demand-NONPST-2ДВ and girl-2ЕД сказать-0-NONPST к propose-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ прийти-ПРОШ-1ДВ женщина взять-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-TRANS женщина взять-NONPST-1ДВ and кто-2ЕД от and этот сказать-0-NONPST male корова старик-1ЕД от and сказать-0-NONPST кто-ЛОК видеть-ПРОШ-ПАС тот как сказать-0-NONPST 1ЕД женщина a:little сказать-0-NONPST шаг-0-TR-ФРЕКВ-ИМП-2МН 1ЕД a:little think-NONPST-0-1ЕД and right:away МЕЖД так длинный short быть-ПРОШ and спросить-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД DP как think-NONPST-0-2ЕД лиса старик herd-0-ПРОПР город мужчина в:направлении сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-NONPST как think-NONPST-0-1ЕД and сказать-0-NONPST 2ДВ вещь-0-2ДВ сказать-0-NONPST bride:price have-NONPST-0-2ДВ if [но] bride:price and где идти-NONPST very:much bride:price не быть money как сказать-0-NONPST быть-NONPST
    They went to the person from the rich city. They got there. They were given food to eat, they drank. Old man fox said to the person from the rich city: “We have come to demand something from you.” “Why do you demand?” “We have come to propose to your daughter, to marry.” “And to whom?” “To old man bull,” he said. “But who,” he said, “has seen what he is like. You go for a walk and I will think for a bit now.” After a long or a short he asked again. “So, what do you think?” asked the fox the person from the rich city. “I think that your task is to give bride-ransom, if you have a bride-ransom.” “What kind of bride-ransom, there is no bride-ransom, but there is money,” he said.
  • ɔχsar iki mŏtta jăχ-t-al kŭt-na, wan-ti, śi χɔrpi kew ul-m-al, śel ŏχ kew ul-m-al, ta uś-i-li-j-ə-l, χănsəŋ kew, pŭti kew, wŭrti kew. ăsa teliji lulən lel-ə-l ki, nŏms-ə-l-na numəs-ij-ə-l. kămən lɔw uχəl lel-ti raχ-ə-l, śi χɔrpi sɔrń-eŋ śel ŏχ kew-ə-t. ja atul. “pa mŏla nŏms-ə-n-na mă-l-tən?” taś-ə-ŋ wɔs χuj law-i-l-ij-ə-l. ɔχsar iki law-ə-l: “pa mŏla mă-l-mən, law-ə-l, χuləm lɔw-ə-ŋ uχəl tel ŏχ, law-ə-l, i lɔw-ə-ŋ uχəl sɔrń-eŋ ŏχ, i lɔw-ə-ŋ uχəl śel ŏχ, i lɔw-ə-ŋ uχəl pătər ɔχ. χuləm lɔw mij-a, jăŋχ-l-ə-mən, χuləm lɔw uχəl tel tu-l-mən.” a ɔχsar iki śi sus-ə-li-t-al kŭt-na mŏla sɔrń-eŋ ŏχ-ə-t tɔŋχa neŋχ-ə-t pajət-t-el. wŭ-l-li, śep-na pŏn-l-ə-lli, śel ŏχ uś-l, śep-na pŏn-l-ə-lli, pătər ŏχ uś-l śep-na pŏnl-ə-lli. śep-na ăkət-s-ə-lli, ăkət-s-ə-lli śi ŏχ-l-al śiti śi ăl-t-l-ə-lli.
    fox old:man earlier walk-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG middle-LOC see-NMLZ.IMPF DP like stone be-NMLZ.PF-3SG silver money stone be-NMLZ.PF-3SG [that] find-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST decorated stone black stone red stone all full SBJV sit-0-NONPST if mind-0-3SG-LOC think-FREQ-0-NONPST outside horse sled sit-NMLZ.IMPF DP needed-0-NONPST like gold-PROPR silver money stone-0-PL DP ever and what mind-0-2DU-LOC give-NONPST-2DU herd-0-PROPR town man say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST fox old:man say-0-NONPST and what give-NONPST-1DU say-0-NONPST three horse-PROPR sled full money say-0-NONPST one horse-0-PROPR sled gold-PROPR money one horse-0-PROPR sled silver money one horse-0-PROPR sled copper money three horse give-IMP walk-NONPST-0-1DU three horse sled full bring-NONPST-1DU [but] fox old:man FOC step-0-IMPF-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG middle-LOC what gold-PROPR money-0-PL DP person-PL take:down-NMLZ.IMPF-3PL take-NONPST-SG.3SG pocket-LOC put-NONPST-0-SG.3SG silver money find-NONPST pocket-LOC put-NONPST-0-SG.3SG copper money find-NONPST pocket-LOC put-NONPST-0-SG.3SG pocket-LOC gather-PST-0-SG.3SG gather-PST-0-SG.3SG DP money-PL-3SG so FOC lift-TR-NONPST-0-SG.3SG
    лиса старик earlier идти-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД середина-ЛОК видеть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ DP любить камень быть-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-3ЕД серебро money камень быть-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-3ЕД [тот] найти-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST decorated камень черный камень красный камень весь full СОСЛ сидеть-0-NONPST if ум-0-3ЕД-ЛОК think-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST снаружи horse sled сидеть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ DP нужный-0-NONPST любить gold-ПРОПР серебро money камень-0-МН DP ever and что ум-0-2ДВ-ЛОК дать-NONPST-2ДВ herd-0-ПРОПР город мужчина сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST лиса старик сказать-0-NONPST and что дать-NONPST-1ДВ сказать-0-NONPST три horse-ПРОПР sled full money сказать-0-NONPST один horse-0-ПРОПР sled gold-ПРОПР money один horse-0-ПРОПР sled серебро money один horse-0-ПРОПР sled медь money три horse дать-ИМП идти-NONPST-0-1ДВ три horse sled full принести-NONPST-1ДВ [но] лиса старик ФОК шаг-0-ИМПФ-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД середина-ЛОК что gold-ПРОПР money-0-МН DP человек-МН take:down-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3МН взять-NONPST-ЕД.3ЕД pocket-ЛОК положить-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД серебро money найти-NONPST pocket-ЛОК положить-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД медь money найти-NONPST pocket-ЛОК положить-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД pocket-ЛОК собиратть-ПРОШ-0-ЕД.3ЕД собиратть-ПРОШ-0-ЕД.3ЕД DP money-МН-3ЕД так ФОК lift-TR-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД
    While old man fox was on his way, he had found stones: silver stones, bright stones, red stones, black stones. He had thought of loading them all up. One could load up a horse-sled from the outside, gold and silver stones, like money. Well, fine. “So, what do you intend to give?” said the man from the rich city. Old man fox said: “What should we give? Three sleds with money, one horse-sled with gold money, one horse-sled with silver money, one horse-sled with copper money. Give us three horses and we will go to bring three full horse-sleds.” While old man fox was underway, people had apparently lost some gold money. He took it and put it into his pocket. He had found silver money and put it into his pocket. He had found copper money and put it into his pocket. He collected it in his pocket, he picked up the money.
  • “pa lɔw χŏti, law-ə-l, χŏl măn-l? law-ə-l. ătti lɔw-na mă-l-ləm,” law-ə-l. “pa min-emən, law-ə-l, ŏkkul tăj-ti neŋχuj ăn mɔs-l, , ŏkkul min sam tăj-ti χɔs-l-ə-mən, lɔw tăj-ti χɔs-l-ə-mən, min sam jăχ-l-ə-mən, lɔw-l-amən-na tu-l-mən. χuləm lɔw tu-l-mən, i lɔw-ə-ŋ uχəl sɔrńi ŏχ, i lɔw-ə-ŋ uχəl śel ŏχ, i lɔw-ə-ŋ uχəl pătər ŏχ. tŭm jŏχan, law-ə-l, u-l pa jŏχan tŭm pelək-na ul-l-ə-t, ɔχsar iki law-i-li-j-ə-l taś-ə-ŋ wɔs χuj pela. jŏχan, law-ə-l, ŏw-ə-ŋ mă-l pa, law-ə-l, nărəm wer-ti mɔs-l. năŋ rupit-ti mŭr tăj-l-ə-n ki, kit-l-ə-n ki plɔtńik-ə-t sup-pi nărəm-na wer-ti mɔs-l, law-ə-l. śiti jiŋk-na χŭnti ŏχ-i tel-na ɔχəl-ti răχ-ə-l śukət lɔw-na”. taś-ə-ŋ wɔs χuj mŏla mŭr ăkt-ə-s pa nărəm wer-ti neŋχ-et kit-ə-s jŏχan sup-pi nărəm wer-ti-ji. ɔχsar iki śiti lŭw rukɔwɔdit-l, kuśa lŭw. neŋχ-et rupit-ti kŭt-na nărəm ilpi-na lăŋ-ə-l pa ŏw-niŋ pelək alt wŭ-l-li pa peŋk-na sup-pi pŏr-l-ə-lli, sup-pi tăŋχəl-l-ə-lli. uś-l-ə-lli, săχa tăm lɔw-ə-t śălta măn-l-ə-t pa nărəm tălaŋ-ti ŏw-na nik arkət-l-a pa nik arkət-l-a lɔw wŏs-i tel-na. śukət lɔw-ə-t, ŏχ-i lɔw-ə-t χŏti kurti χŭnt kun.
    and horse how say-0-NONPST where go-NONPST say-0-NONPST DP horse-LOC give-NONPST-PL.1SG say-0-NONPST and 1DU-ACC/DAT say-0-NONPST rope have-NMLZ.IMPF person NEG must-NONPST rope 1DU self have-NMLZ.IMPF know-NONPST-0-1DU horse have-NMLZ.IMPF know-NONPST-0-1DU 1DU self walk-NONPST-0-1DU horse-PL-1DU-LOC bring-NONPST-1DU three horse bring-NONPST-1DU one horse-0-PROPR sled gold money one horse-0-PROPR sled silver money one horse-0-PROPR sled copper money that river say-0-NONPST be-NONPST and river that half-LOC be-NONPST-0-3PL fox old:man say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST herd-0-PROPR town man towards river say-0-NONPST flow-0-PROPR give-NONPST and say-0-NONPST bridge make-NMLZ.IMPF must-NONPST 2SG [work]-NMLZ.IMPF people have-NONPST-0-2SG if send-NONPST-0-2SG if [carpenter]-0-PL piece-TRANS bridge make-NMLZ.IMPF must-NONPST say-0-NONPST so water-LOC when money-PROPR with descend-NMLZ.IMPF needed-0-NONPST heavy horse-LOC herd-0-PROPR town man what people gather-0-PST and bridge make-NMLZ.IMPF person-PL send-0-PST river piece-TRANS bridge make-NMLZ.IMPF-TRANS fox old:man so 3 [lead]-NONPST master 3 person-PL [work]-NMLZ.IMPF middle-LOC bridge underneath-LOC enter-0-NONPST and flow-woman side only take-NONPST-SG.3SG and tooth-LOC piece-TRANS chew-NONPST-0-SG.3SG piece-TRANS bite-NONPST-0-SG.3SG find-NONPST-0-SG.3SG then this horse-0-PL from:there go-NONPST-0-3PL and bridge as:a.whole flow-LOC riverwards sweep:away-NONPST-PAS [but] and riverwards sweep:away-NONPST-PAS horse root-PROPR with heavy horse-0-PL money-PROPR horse-0-PL how iron when light
    and horse как сказать-0-NONPST где идти-NONPST сказать-0-NONPST DP horse-ЛОК дать-NONPST-МН.1ЕД сказать-0-NONPST and 1ДВ-АКК/ДАТ сказать-0-NONPST веревка have-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ человек НЕГ must-NONPST веревка 1ДВ сам have-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ know-NONPST-0-1ДВ horse have-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ know-NONPST-0-1ДВ 1ДВ сам идти-NONPST-0-1ДВ horse-МН-1ДВ-ЛОК принести-NONPST-1ДВ три horse принести-NONPST-1ДВ один horse-0-ПРОПР sled gold money один horse-0-ПРОПР sled серебро money один horse-0-ПРОПР sled медь money тот river сказать-0-NONPST быть-NONPST and river тот half-ЛОК быть-NONPST-0-3МН лиса старик сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST herd-0-ПРОПР город мужчина в:направлении river сказать-0-NONPST flow-0-ПРОПР дать-NONPST and сказать-0-NONPST bridge делать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ must-NONPST 2ЕД [работать]-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ народ have-NONPST-0-2ЕД if послать-NONPST-0-2ЕД if [carpenter]-0-МН piece-TRANS bridge делать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ must-NONPST сказать-0-NONPST так вода-ЛОК когда money-ПРОПР с descend-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ нужный-0-NONPST тяжелый horse-ЛОК herd-0-ПРОПР город мужчина что народ собиратть-0-ПРОШ and bridge делать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ человек-МН послать-0-ПРОШ river piece-TRANS bridge делать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-TRANS лиса старик так 3 [lead]-NONPST хозяин 3 человек-МН [работать]-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ середина-ЛОК bridge underneath-ЛОК войти-0-NONPST and flow-женщина сторона only взять-NONPST-ЕД.3ЕД and зуб-ЛОК piece-TRANS chew-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД piece-TRANS кусать-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД найти-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД тогда этот horse-0-МН from:there идти-NONPST-0-3МН and bridge as:a.целый flow-ЛОК riverwards sweep:away-NONPST-ПАС [но] and riverwards sweep:away-NONPST-ПАС horse root-ПРОПР с тяжелый horse-0-МН money-ПРОПР horse-0-МН как iron когда свет
    “Whatever comes of the horse,” he said, “I’ll give you a horse.” “But we,” he said, “do not need a man to steer. We know how to hold the reins ourselves. We know how to drive the horses. We’ll go ourselves and bring everything on the horses. We’ll bring three horses, one horse-sled with gold money, one horse-sled with silver money, one horse-sled with copper money. They’re over there, on that side of the river,” said old man fox to the old man from the rich city. “The current in the river is deep, a bridge must be built. If you have workers, if you send carpenters, a bridge must be built over the river. We have to get across the water with money on heavy horses.” The man from the rich city gathered people and sent people, bridge-makers, to make a bridge over the river. Old man fox directed them, he was the manager. While the people were working he went underneath the bridge, took it, and from the direction of the current he bit it through with his teeth. He knew that the horses would set off from there and the whole bridge would be carried away by the current and all the horses would be carried away. Heavy horses, horses with money, iron ones, not light ones.
  • nu atul. śi nărm-ə-l jets-ə-s. χălewət χătl lɔw-na mă-l-aj-ŋən. χuləm lɔw. ătti ɔχsar iki măn-l pa śikəńśa itta nărəm niŋ pelək aŋkəl-ə-l wŭ-l-li pa ăsa sup-pi tăŋχər-l-ə-lli, pŏr-l-ə-lli, aj ser-l-al-na χăj-l-ə-lli. săχa art-ə-l-li, śi śukət pŏra tăχa jŏχət-l-a pa śiti nărəm tălaŋ-ti il at ărkən-l. aləŋ săχat ji-s, χuləm lɔw-na mă-s-aj-ŋən. ɔχsar iki ɔləŋ lɔw-na ŏkkul wŭ-s, a χɔr mŭs iki jălta lɔw-na, tal lɔw-ə-l kŭtəp-na leśat-s-ə-lli. măn-s-ə-t, nărəm sup-pi măn-s-ə-t. jŏχan sil-na jŏχət-s-ə-ŋən pa ittam χănsəŋ kew-ə-t ewəlt, nawi kew-ə-t ewəlt χuləm lɔw-ə-ŋ uχəl kew-ə-t ewəlt lel-s-ə-ŋən. śel ŏχ kew-ə-t ewəlt, ŏχ-ə-t śi.
    INTJ ever DP bridge-0-PL finish-0-PST tomorrow day horse-LOC give-NONPST-PAS-3DU three horse DP fox old:man go-NONPST and DP that bridge woman side post-0-3SG take-NONPST-SG.3SG and all piece-TRANS bite-NONPST-0-SG.3SG chew-NONPST-0-SG.3SG small way-PL-3SG-LOC remain-NONPST-0-SG.3SG then investigate-0-NONPST-SG.3SG DP heavy time place arrive-NONPST-PAS and so bridge as:a.whole down OPT sweep:away-NONPST morning time come-PST three horse-LOC give-PST-PAS-3DU fox old:man end horse-LOC rope take-PST [but] male cow old:man from:behind horse-LOC mere horse-0-3SG middle-LOC prepare-PST-0-SG.3SG go-PST-0-3PL bridge piece-TRANS go-PST-0-3PL river edge-LOC arrive-PST-0-3DU and that decorated stone-0-PL from white stone-0-PL from three horse-0-PROPR sled stone-0-PL from sit-PST-0-3DU silver money stone-0-PL money-0-PL FOC
    МЕЖД ever DP bridge-0-МН закончить-0-ПРОШ завтра день horse-ЛОК дать-NONPST-ПАС-3ДВ три horse DP лиса старик идти-NONPST and DP тот bridge женщина сторона post-0-3ЕД взять-NONPST-ЕД.3ЕД and весь piece-TRANS кусать-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД chew-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД маленький way-МН-3ЕД-ЛОК остаться-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД тогда investigate-0-NONPST-ЕД.3ЕД DP тяжелый время место прибыть-NONPST-ПАС and так bridge as:a.целый down OPT sweep:away-NONPST утро время прийти-ПРОШ три horse-ЛОК дать-ПРОШ-ПАС-3ДВ лиса старик конец horse-ЛОК веревка взять-ПРОШ [но] male корова старик from:behind horse-ЛОК mere horse-0-3ЕД середина-ЛОК приготовить-ПРОШ-0-ЕД.3ЕД идти-ПРОШ-0-3МН bridge piece-TRANS идти-ПРОШ-0-3МН river край-ЛОК прибыть-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ and тот decorated камень-0-МН от белый камень-0-МН от три horse-0-ПРОПР sled камень-0-МН от сидеть-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ серебро money камень-0-МН money-0-МН ФОК
    Well, fine. They finished the bridge. The next day they were given horses. Three horses. Old man fox went and took the posts of the bridge and from the direction of the current he bit them all through, little pieces remained. When it gets heavy, let the whole bridge collapse. Morning came, they were given three horses. Old man fox took the reins of the front-horse, old man bull on the last horse, the empty horse was fitted out in the middle. So they went and crossed the bridge. They crossed the river and loaded up the three horses with bright and white stones. With silver stones. Just as if it were money.
  • nu ittam śikəńśa, kew lɔw-ə-t χălewət tup ńŏχt-ə-s-aj-ə-t lɔw-na, śiti lel-s-ə-llən pa pălśem lɔŋ-l-ə-n-ni. ittam nărəm χŏśa jŏχət-s-ə-ŋən pa ne-man lɔw-ə-t ńŏχəm-man pa śirti pit-s-ə-lən. nărəm kŭtəp-na jŏχan kŭtəp-na jŏχət-l-ə-ŋən, ittam lɔw-ə-t, kew lɔw-ə-t il ark-ə-m-l-ə-t pa lɔw-l-al telna ijulti ăsa itta kew-ə-t jiŋk-na χŏmpəl-ə-s-ə-t. jiŋk-na χŏmpəl-ə-s-ə-t pa śikəńśa itta taś-ə-ŋ wɔs χuj χŏśa jŏχət-s-ə-ŋən pa: “χŏti ul-ti, law-ə-l, nărəm wer-man pa, law-ə-l, nărm-en ătti ŏχ-i lɔw-ə-t śikəńśa, kurti ŏχ-ə-t χŏti śukt-ə-t ănti. nărm-en il ărk-ə-mt-ə-s pa ŏχ-l-an aratelna jiŋk-na măn-s-ə-t, jŏχan-l mă-l pa χălśa wŭ-l-aj-ə-t? śep-ə-l ewəlt tɔŋχa uś-i-li-j-ə-m ŏχ-ə-t sɔrń-eŋ ŏχ kɔpejka-l-al, śel ŏχ kɔpejka-l-al, pătər ŏχ kɔpejka-l-al tŏχi śi, tăta śi, law-ə-l, kămənsi kɔpejka tup χăj-ś-ə-s pa śi ăntam.” kuśa χuj law-ə-l: “χŏti wer-l-a, law-ə-l pa, mŭr tɔŋχa itta śi naχlat-ti wer-ti-ji ji-l, rupit-ti mŭr. pa mŏla-ji lŭw atm-ə-ś wer-s-ə-lli pa tak-an wer-ti mɔs-ə-s. jina pa śi tăj-man śi pa kămənsi kɔpejka χiś-m-al. χŏti wer-l, law-ə-l, mŭŋ wer-ew itta pa pa niŋ-ə-n wŭj-alən.”
    INTJ DP DP stone horse-0-PL tomorrow only run-0-PST-PAS-0-3PL horse-LOC so sit-PST-0-PL.3DU and high top-PL-0-3DU-TRANS that bridge to arrive-PST-0-3DU and tall-ADJ horse-0-PL run-CVB and at:gallop fall-PST-0-PL.3DU bridge middle-LOC river middle-LOC arrive-NONPST-0-3DU that horse-0-PL stone horse-0-PL down sweep:away-0-INCH-NONPST-0-3PL and horse-PL-3SG with everywhere all that stone-0-PL water-LOC topple-0-PST-0-3PL water-LOC topple-0-PST-0-3PL and DP that herd-0-PROPR town man to arrive-PST-0-3DU how be-NMLZ.IMPF say-0-NONPST bridge make-CVB and say-0-NONPST bridge-2SG DP money-PROPR horse-0-PL DP iron money-0-PL how heavy-0-PL DP river-2SG down sweep:away-0-INCH-0-PST and money-PL-2SG all water-LOC go-PST-0-3PL river-LOC give-NONPST and from:where take-NONPST-PAS-0-3PL pocker-0-3SG from DP find-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NMLZ.PF money-0-PL gold-PROPR money [kopeck]-PL-3SG silver money [kopeck]-PL-3SG copper money [kopeck]-PL-3SG to:there FOC here-FOC say-0-NONPST how:many [kopeck] only leave-INTR-0-PST and DP not:be master man say-0-NONPST how make-NONPST-PAS say-0-NONPST and people DP DP poor-TRANS make-NMLZ.IMPF-TRANS come-NONPST work-NMLZ.IMPF people and what-TRANS 3 bad-0-ADV make-PST-0-SG.3SG and hard-ADV make-NMLZ.IMPF must-0-PST DP and DP have-CVB DP and how:many [kopeck] remain-NMLZ.PF-3SG how make-NONPST say-0-NONPST 1PL thing-1PL DP and woman-0-2DU take-IMP.SG.PL
    МЕЖД DP DP камень horse-0-МН завтра only бежать-0-ПРОШ-ПАС-0-3МН horse-ЛОК так сидеть-ПРОШ-0-МН.3ДВ and high top-МН-0-3ДВ-TRANS тот bridge к прибыть-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ and высокий-ПРИЛ horse-0-МН бежать-КОНВ and at:gallop fall-ПРОШ-0-МН.3ДВ bridge середина-ЛОК river середина-ЛОК прибыть-NONPST-0-3ДВ тот horse-0-МН камень horse-0-МН down sweep:away-0-ИНХ-NONPST-0-3МН and horse-МН-3ЕД с everywhere весь тот камень-0-МН вода-ЛОК topple-0-ПРОШ-0-3МН вода-ЛОК topple-0-ПРОШ-0-3МН and DP тот herd-0-ПРОПР город мужчина к прибыть-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ как быть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ сказать-0-NONPST bridge делать-КОНВ and сказать-0-NONPST bridge-2ЕД DP money-ПРОПР horse-0-МН DP iron money-0-МН как тяжелый-0-МН DP river-2ЕД down sweep:away-0-ИНХ-0-ПРОШ and money-МН-2ЕД весь вода-ЛОК идти-ПРОШ-0-3МН river-ЛОК дать-NONPST and from:where взять-NONPST-ПАС-0-3МН pocker-0-3ЕД от DP найти-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-НМЛЗ.ПРФ money-0-МН gold-ПРОПР money [kopeck]-МН-3ЕД серебро money [kopeck]-МН-3ЕД медь money [kopeck]-МН-3ЕД to:there ФОК здесь-ФОК сказать-0-NONPST сколько [kopeck] only оставить-ИНТР-0-ПРОШ and DP not:be хозяин мужчина сказать-0-NONPST как делать-NONPST-ПАС сказать-0-NONPST and народ DP DP poor-TRANS делать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-TRANS прийти-NONPST работать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ народ and что-TRANS 3 плохой-0-ADV делать-ПРОШ-0-ЕД.3ЕД and hard-ADV делать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ must-0-ПРОШ DP and DP have-КОНВ DP and сколько [kopeck] остаться-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-3ЕД как делать-NONPST сказать-0-NONPST 1МН вещь-1МН DP and женщина-0-2ДВ взять-ИМП.ЕД.МН
    They drove the horses with stones on, they sat on the horses like on a high mound. They came up to the bridge and made the horses go at a gallop. They reached the middle of the bridge, the middle of the bridge and the horses with the stones fell through and together with the horses all the stones toppled into the water. They toppled into the water, but they went to the man from the rich city and said: “How was this bridge made, your bridge? Horses with money, iron money, are heavy. Your bridge collapsed and all your money went into the water. The river took it and where will it bring it? In my pocket I found only a bit, a few kopecks remained, gold kopecks, silver kopeks, copper kopeks.” The master said: “What to do? The workers are only human. Why did they work poorly? It must be built stronger. It’s true, you had so much and only a few kopeks remained. This is our matter, take the woman.”
  • niŋ-ə-l wŭ-s-li pa śikəńśa kat lɔw wɔχ-s-ə-ŋən, wɔχ-ə-s ɔχsar iki. “kŭr-na mŭŋ χŏl măn-l-uw? pa năŋ ătti lɔw mij-a, kat lɔw. ittam pa χɔr mŭs ik-en im-el pil-na i lɔw-na ul-l-ə-ŋən pa ma lŭw χŏśa ăn lel-l-ə-m, jănəs lɔw-na ul-ti pit-l-ə-m.” nu, kat lɔwna măn-l-ə-t. tu-l-a mŏsa tăχaj-na, ɔχsar iki uś-l-ə-lli tăm ătti ɔχ-ti wɔj. ɔχ-ti wɔj iki u-l i mŭw χɔr iki u-l. wɔs tăj-l-ə-ŋən śi wɔs-na măn-l-ə-ŋən, śi ɔχ-ti wɔj mŭw χɔr iki χŏśa. mɔjl-ə-ti-ji śi măn-l-ə-t, uś-l-ə-lli śiti wer-ə-m χɔt u-l, lin wer-ə-m χɔt χɔr mŭs pil-na χălśa tăj-l-ə-ŋən, χăr tăχaj-na ul-l-ə-ŋən. śi wɔs-na jŏχət-l-ə-ŋən, iki χɔt mŏśat-l-ə-ŋən. wan măn-s-ə-ŋən, χŭw măn-s-ə-ŋən, kălaŋ taś uś-l-ə-t.
    woman-0-3SG take-PST-SG.3SG and DP two horse beg-PST-0-3DU beg-0-PST fox old:man leg-LOC 1PL where go-NONPST-1PL and 2SG DP horse give-IMP two horse DP and male cow old:man-2SG woman-3SG companion-LOC one horse-LOC be-NONPST-0-3DU and 1SG 3 to NEG sit-NONPST-0-1SG other horse-LOC be-NMLZ.IMPF start-NONPST-0-1SG INTJ two horse-LOC go-NONPST-0-PL bring-NONPST-PAS what place-LOC fox old:man find-NONPST-0-SG.3SG this DP croak-NMLZ.IMPF animal croak-NMLZ.IMPF animal old:man be-NONPST and land male old:man be-NONPST town have-NONPST-0-3DU DP town-LOC go-NONPST-0-3DU DP croak-NMLZ.IMPF animal land male old:man to feast-0-NMLZ.IMPF-TRANS FOC go-NONPST-0-3PL find-NONPST-0-SG.3SG so make-0-NMLZ.PF house be-NONPST 3DU make-0-NMLZ.PF house male cow companion-LOC from:where have-PST-0-3DU floor place-LOC be-NONPST-0-3DU DP town-LOC arrive-NONPST-0-3DU old:man house get-NONPST-0-3DU short go-PST-0-3DU long go-PST-0-3DU reindeer herd find-NONPST-0-3PL
    женщина-0-3ЕД взять-ПРОШ-ЕД.3ЕД and DP два horse beg-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ beg-0-ПРОШ лиса старик нога-ЛОК 1МН где идти-NONPST-1МН and 2ЕД DP horse дать-ИМП два horse DP and male корова старик-2ЕД женщина-3ЕД товарищ-ЛОК один horse-ЛОК быть-NONPST-0-3ДВ and 1ЕД 3 к НЕГ сидеть-NONPST-0-1ЕД другой horse-ЛОК быть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-NONPST-0-1ЕД МЕЖД два horse-ЛОК идти-NONPST-0-МН принести-NONPST-ПАС что место-ЛОК лиса старик найти-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД этот DP croak-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ животное croak-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ животное старик быть-NONPST and земля male старик быть-NONPST город have-NONPST-0-3ДВ DP город-ЛОК идти-NONPST-0-3ДВ DP croak-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ животное земля male старик к feast-0-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-TRANS ФОК идти-NONPST-0-3МН найти-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД так делать-0-НМЛЗ.ПРФ дом быть-NONPST 3ДВ делать-0-НМЛЗ.ПРФ дом male корова товарищ-ЛОК from:where have-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ floor место-ЛОК быть-NONPST-0-3ДВ DP город-ЛОК прибыть-NONPST-0-3ДВ старик дом получить-NONPST-0-3ДВ short идти-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ длинный идти-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ олень herd найти-NONPST-0-3МН
    They took the woman and old man fox asked for two horses. “Where should we go on foot? Give horses, two horses. On one horse will be old man bull with his wife, but I will not sit with them, I will be on the other horse.” So, they set off on two horses. The fox knew that there in the city a snake and old man mammoth were living. They had a city. They set off for this city, to the snake and old man mammoth. They went to visit, they knew that a house was made, how should he with old man bull get this house, they were living in a poor place. So they went off to the city and looked for the old man’s house. They went for a long or a short time and found a herd of wild reindeer.
  • “tăm χŏj taś, iśm-ə-s-li, neŋχ-et sawi-man tăj-l-a, χŏj taś?” a śi taś sawi-ti neŋχ-et law-ə-l ănti: “tăm ɔχ-ti wɔj-ŋən, mŭw χɔr ik-eŋən taś.” “uj, năŋ, ɔχsar iki law-i-li-j-ə-l, năŋ śăχa jălta l'al' ji-l pa taś-ə-ŋ wɔs χuj, law-ə-l, l'al'-l'i ji-l. tăm ătti ɔχ-ti wɔj-ŋən χŏśa, mŭw χɔr-ŋən χŏśa l'al'-l'i ji-l pa itta mŭŋ χŏś-ew χɔt χălewət ti jŏχət-l pa śiti al law-a-tən, năŋ śiti law-a-ti, năŋ-en iśm-ə-l-li: χŏj taś? śiti law-a-ti: tăm ɔχsar ik-eŋən χɔr mŭs ik-eŋən taś.” “aχa. śiti ki śiti. śiti law-l-uw.” “law-a-ti: śi neŋχ-eŋən taś. mătti kălaŋ χɔr-a-ti.” kat χuləm kălaŋ χɔr-em-ə-s-ə-t pa śikəńśa uχəl-l-al jɔwəl-s-aj-ə-t. ɔχsar iki măn-man wŏj-ə-ŋ pŭl menm-ij-ə-l, law-i-li-j-ə-l, sămχ-ə-l wŏj-na u-l.
    this who herd ask-0-PST-SG.3SG person-PL tend-CVB have-NONPST-PAS who herd [but] DP herd tend-NMLZ.IMPF person-PL say-0-NONPST DP this croak-NMLZ.PF animal-DU land male old:man-DU herd INTJ 2SG fox old:man say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST 2SG then ahead war come-NONPST and herd-0-PROPR town man say-0-NONPST war-TRANS come-NONPST this DP croak-NMLZ.IMPF animal-DU to land male-DU to war-TRANS come-NONPST and DP 1PL to-1PL house tomorrow to:here arrive-NONPST and so NEG say-IMP-DU 2SG say-IMP-PL 2SG-ACC/DAT ask-0-NONPST-SG.3SG who herd so say-IMP-2PL this fox old:man-DU male cow old:man-DU herd INTJ so if so so say-NONPST-1PL say-IMP-PL DP person-DU herd which reindeer draw-IMP-PL two three reindeer draw-INCH-0-PST-0-3PL and DP sled-PL-3SG toss-PST-PAS-0-3PL fox old:man go-CVB fat-0-PROPR morsel tear:off-FREQ-0-NONPST say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST heart-0-3SG fat-LOC be-NONPST
    этот кто herd спросить-0-ПРОШ-ЕД.3ЕД человек-МН tend-КОНВ have-NONPST-ПАС кто herd [но] DP herd tend-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ человек-МН сказать-0-NONPST DP этот croak-НМЛЗ.ПРФ животное-ДВ земля male старик-ДВ herd МЕЖД 2ЕД лиса старик сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST 2ЕД тогда вперед война прийти-NONPST and herd-0-ПРОПР город мужчина сказать-0-NONPST война-TRANS прийти-NONPST этот DP croak-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ животное-ДВ к земля male-ДВ к война-TRANS прийти-NONPST and DP 1МН к-1МН дом завтра to:here прибыть-NONPST and так НЕГ сказать-ИМП-ДВ 2ЕД сказать-ИМП-МН 2ЕД-АКК/ДАТ спросить-0-NONPST-ЕД.3ЕД кто herd так сказать-ИМП-2МН этот лиса старик-ДВ male корова старик-ДВ herd МЕЖД так if так так сказать-NONPST-1МН сказать-ИМП-МН DP человек-ДВ herd который олень draw-ИМП-МН два три олень draw-ИНХ-0-ПРОШ-0-3МН and DP sled-МН-3ЕД toss-ПРОШ-ПАС-0-3МН лиса старик идти-КОНВ толстый-0-ПРОПР morsel tear:off-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST сердце-0-3ЕД толстый-ЛОК быть-NONPST
    “Whose herd is this?” he asked the people guarding the herd, “whose herd?” And the people guarding the herd answered, “It’s the herd of the snake and old man mammoth.” The old fox said: “War will come to you, the old man from the rich city will come in war. War will come to the snake and old man mammoth and to us. It will come here tomorrow. Don’t talk like before. Say the following, if you are asked whose herd it is. Say, ‘It’s the herd of the old fox and the old bull.’” “Aha. Fine. That’s what we’ll say.” “Say that this is the herd of those people. Skin a few reindeer.” They skinned two or three reindeer and threw them on the sled. Old man fox went and tore of off the fatty pieces, ate, his heart was covered with fat.
  • pa ɔlŋəś măn-l-ə-t. jesa măn-l-ə-t pa i atəm χătl măn-l-ə-t i taś pa uś-l-ə-t. ɔs taś. “tăm χŏj taś?” “tăm ɔχ-ti wɔj-ŋən, mŭw χɔr-ŋən taś.” “uj, śiti al law-a-ti, jălta l'al' ji-l pa l'al' χălewət năŋ χŏśaj-ə-n jŏχət-l pa śiti law-a-ti, ińśəs-l-aj-ə-ti śiti, χŏj taś tăm, śiti law-a-ti: tăm ɔχsar ik-eŋən, χɔr mŭs ik-eŋən taś. aχa. ătti ɔχ-ti wɔj, law-ə-l, ătti ki, mŭw χɔr iki taś, law-ə-l, ătti ki ăsa wel-l-aj-ə-ti, taś-ə-n wŭ-l-a.” kat χuləm ɔs-na χɔr-s-aj-ə-t pa śikəńśa uχl-ə-n lăsk-ə-s-aj-ə-t. li-ti ńŏχa al ar. atul. pa ɔlŋəś măn-l-ə-t. pa atəm χătl măn-l-ə-t, χălewət χătl i taś pa uś-l-ə-t. iśi neŋχ-et-na sawi-l-a, pastuχ-l-al-na. “tăm χŏj taś?” ɔχsar iki-na iśme-s-a. “tăm, law-ə-l, ɔχ-ti wɔj-ŋən, mŭw χɔr-ŋən taś.” “u, śiti al law-a-ti, jălta jălta l'al' ji-l, χălewət χătl jŏχət-l pa taś-ə-ŋ wɔs χuj, law-ə-l, mŭw χɔr-ŋən, ɔχ-ti wɔj-ŋən χŏśa l'al' măn-l, ji-l pa năŋ śiti law-a-ti, tăm ătti ińśəs-l-aj-ə-ti iśi tăm iti, χŏj taś. niŋ śiti law-a-ti: ɔχsar ik-eŋən, χɔr mŭs-ŋən taś.”
    and ahead go-NONPST-0-3PL a:little go-NONPST-0-3PL and one bad day go-NONPST-0-3PL one herd and find-NONPST-0-3PL sheep herd this who herd this croak-NMLZ.IMPF animal-DU land male-DU herd INTJ so NEG say-IMP-PL ahead war come-NONPST and war tomorrow 2SG to-0-2SG arrive-NONPST and so say-IMP-PL ask-NONPST-PAS-0-2PL so who herd this so say-IMP-PL this fox old:man-DU male cow old:man-DU INTJ DP croak-NMLZ.IMPF animal say-0-NONPST DP if land male old:man herd say-0-NONPST DP if all kill-NONPST-PAS-0-2PL herd-0-2DU take-NONPST-PAS two three sheep-LOC draw-PST-PAS-0-3PL and DP herd-0-2DU throw-0-PST-PAS-0-3PL eat-NMLZ.IMPF flesh very:much many ever and ahead go-NONPST-0-3PL and bad day go-NONPST-0-3PL tomorrow day one herd and find-NONPST-0-3PL same person-PL-LOC tend-NONPST-PAS [shepherd]-PL-3SG-LOC this who herd fox old:man ask-PST-PAS this say-0-NONPST croak-NMLZ.IMPF animal-DU land male-DU herd INTJ so NEG say-IMP-PL ahead ahead war come-NONPST tomorrow day arrive-NONPST and herd-0-PROPR town man say-0-NONPST land male-DU croak-NMLZ.IMPF animal-DU to war go-NONPST come-NONPST and 2SG so say-IMP-PL this DP ask-NONPST-PAS-0-2PL same this as who herd 2PL so say-IMP-PL fox old:man-DU male cow-DU
    and вперед идти-NONPST-0-3МН a:little идти-NONPST-0-3МН and один плохой день идти-NONPST-0-3МН один herd and найти-NONPST-0-3МН sheep herd этот кто herd этот croak-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ животное-ДВ земля male-ДВ herd МЕЖД так НЕГ сказать-ИМП-МН вперед война прийти-NONPST and война завтра 2ЕД к-0-2ЕД прибыть-NONPST and так сказать-ИМП-МН спросить-NONPST-ПАС-0-2МН так кто herd этот так сказать-ИМП-МН этот лиса старик-ДВ male корова старик-ДВ МЕЖД DP croak-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ животное сказать-0-NONPST DP if земля male старик herd сказать-0-NONPST DP if весь убить-NONPST-ПАС-0-2МН herd-0-2ДВ взять-NONPST-ПАС два три sheep-ЛОК draw-ПРОШ-ПАС-0-3МН and DP herd-0-2ДВ бросать-0-ПРОШ-ПАС-0-3МН есть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ flesh very:much много ever and вперед идти-NONPST-0-3МН and плохой день идти-NONPST-0-3МН завтра день один herd and найти-NONPST-0-3МН same человек-МН-ЛОК tend-NONPST-ПАС [пастух]-МН-3ЕД-ЛОК этот кто herd лиса старик спросить-ПРОШ-ПАС этот сказать-0-NONPST croak-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ животное-ДВ земля male-ДВ herd МЕЖД так НЕГ сказать-ИМП-МН вперед вперед война прийти-NONPST завтра день прибыть-NONPST and herd-0-ПРОПР город мужчина сказать-0-NONPST земля male-ДВ croak-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ животное-ДВ к война идти-NONPST прийти-NONPST and 2ЕД так сказать-ИМП-МН этот DP спросить-NONPST-ПАС-0-2МН same этот as кто herd 2МН так сказать-ИМП-МН лиса старик-ДВ male корова-ДВ
    They went on further. They passed on, went for another bad day and came across a herd again. A herd of sheep. “Whose herd is this?” “This is the herd of the snake and old man mammoth.” “Don’t say that. War is coming from behind. War will come tomorrow to you, too. If they ask you whose herd it is, say the following. Say: This is the herd of old man fox and old man bull. Aha. If this is the herd of the snake and the old mammoth, they will kill you all and take your herd.” They skinned two or three sheep and loaded them on the sled. Lots of meat to eat. Fine. They set off again. They went one bad day again. The next day they found a herd again. It was also guarded by people, shepherds. “Whose herd is this?” asked the old fox. “It’s the herd of the snake and old man mammoth.” “Oh, don’t say that. War is coming from behind. Tomorrow it will come here. The man from the rich city will come with war to the snake and old man mammoth. He will come and you will say when he asks whose herd this is, say that it’s the herd of old man bull and old man fox.”
  • aχa. ăsa lin taś-l-ə-n-ni ji-s-ə-t, χuləm taś uś-ə-li-s-ŋən. itta ɔχ-ti wɔj wɔs-na mŭw χɔr-ŋən wɔs-na jŏχət-s-ə-ŋən itta ɔχsar ik-eŋən χɔr mŭs-ŋən. tŏχi jŏχət-s-ə-ŋən, wŭśa mŏlaj-na wer-s-ə-t, jăχa pŏtər-s-ə-t. śiti χŏti śiti pa i law-ə-l: “jŏχət-ti χŏti śi jŏχət-s-uw, mɔjl-ə-ti śi mɔjl-ə-s-uw, li-ti śi li-s-uw, jiś-s-uw. i wer ittam ma tăj-l-ə-m păltap jasəŋ.” ittam ɔχ-ti wɔj iki law-i-li-j-ə-l, ińśəs-l-ə-lli: “mŏla-ji, mŏla păltap jasəŋ?” mŭw χɔr iki mŏlaj-na χul-ant-l pa: “śiməś wer tăm itta l'al' jălta ji-l pa năŋ χŏś-en tăm wɔs-en părat-ti-ji.” “pa mŏla śir-na χŏl χăńem-ə-l-uw? l'al'-na, law-ə-l, śi părat-l-aj-uw, law-ə-l, śi χɔrpi l'al' pŏrmas-ə-t tăj-l-ə-t pa mŭw sŭkat-ti, wɔs sŭkat-ti pŏrmas-ə-t.”
    INTJ all 3DU herd-PL-0-3DU-TRANS come-PST-0-3PL three herd find-0-IMPF-PST-3DU that croak-NMLZ.IMPF animal town-LOC land male-DU town-LOC arrive-PST-0-3DU that fox old:man-DU male cow-DU to:there arrive-PST-0-3DU greeting what-LOC make-PST-0-3PL together speak-PST-0-3PL so how so and one say-0-NONPST arrive-NMLZ.IMPF how FOC arrive-PST-1PL feast-0-NMLZ.IMPF FOC feast-0-PST-1PL eat-NMLZ.IMPF FOC eat-PST-1PL drink-PST-1PL one thing DP 1SG have-NONPST-0-1SG afraid speech that croak-NMLZ.IMPF animal old:man speak-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST ask-NONPST-0-SG.3SG what-TRANS what afraid speech land male old:man what-LOC hear-FREQ-NONPST and such thing this DP war ahead come-NONPST and 2SG to-2SG this town-2SG kill-NMLZ.IMPF-TRANS and what way-LOC where hide-0-NONPST-1PL war-LOC say-0-NONPST DP kill-NONPST-PAS-1PL say-0-NONPST DP like war means-0-PL have-NONPST-0-3PL and land break-NMLZ.IMPF town break-NMLZ.IMPF means-0-PL
    МЕЖД весь 3ДВ herd-МН-0-3ДВ-TRANS прийти-ПРОШ-0-3МН три herd найти-0-ИМПФ-ПРОШ-3ДВ тот croak-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ животное город-ЛОК земля male-ДВ город-ЛОК прибыть-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ тот лиса старик-ДВ male корова-ДВ to:there прибыть-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ greeting что-ЛОК делать-ПРОШ-0-3МН together говорить-ПРОШ-0-3МН так как так and один сказать-0-NONPST прибыть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ как ФОК прибыть-ПРОШ-1МН feast-0-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ ФОК feast-0-ПРОШ-1МН есть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ ФОК есть-ПРОШ-1МН drink-ПРОШ-1МН один вещь DP 1ЕД have-NONPST-0-1ЕД afraid speech тот croak-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ животное старик говорить-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST спросить-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД что-TRANS что afraid speech земля male старик что-ЛОК слышать-ФРЕКВ-NONPST and such вещь этот DP война вперед прийти-NONPST and 2ЕД к-2ЕД этот город-2ЕД убить-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-TRANS and что way-ЛОК где прятать-0-NONPST-1МН война-ЛОК сказать-0-NONPST DP убить-NONPST-ПАС-1МН сказать-0-NONPST DP любить война средство-0-МН have-NONPST-0-3МН and земля break-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ город break-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ средство-0-МН
    Aha. All the herds were theirs, they had found three herds. Old man fox and old man bull arrived in the city of the snake and old man mammoth. They got there, made their greetings, talked a bit. They said: “So, we’ve arrived, we’re having a nice visit, we’ve eaten, we’ve drunk. There’s only one thing, a horrible thing to tell.” Old man snake started to talk. He asked: “Why? What sort of horrible thing?” Old man bull listened: “This sort of thing: war is coming to you from behind to kill this city.” “But how and where shall we hide? War,” they said, “will finish us off. War means that the city will be destroyed, the land will be destroyed.”
  • ɔχ-ti wɔj iki law-i-li-j-ə-l pa: “mŭŋ pa χŏl măn-l-uw?” “pa năŋ năŋ, law-ə-l, tɔmətta lɔj-ti wŭl nɔχər jŭχ lɔj-l. śiməś t, law-ə-l, lip-el-na χŏsap-ə-t ul-li-j-ə-l pa śi ler tăj-ə-l pa χir-l-ə-n ki, jŭχ χŏsap lipi-na lăŋ-l-ə-n ki, nɔχər jŭχ jŭkanna jŭχ lŭw χŭnti ńŏχt-ə-l-ə-l. ăn ńŏχt-ə-l-ə-l. śi jŭχ lipi-na χăńem-alən ki pa tup werit-l-ə-n χăś-ti-ji.” “jina, law-ə-l, śi jŭχ χŏti ma art-ə-l-lem, ... lŭw lip-el-na χŏsap tăj-l.” a mŭw χɔr iki law-i-li-j-ə-l pa: “ma χŏl măn-l-ə-m? ma, law-ə-l itta, măn-l-ə-m, mŭw χɔr iki law-i-li-j-ə-l, wek kŭssi mŭw-na il lăŋ-l-ə-m lampa, mŭw-na ul-ti pit-l-ə-m.”# ja atul, śit-ŋən mănsəŋən. χŏn-s-ə-ŋən śi, χăńem-ə-s-ə-ŋən. a ɔχsar iki śikəńśa ɔχ-ti wɔj χuj-ə-m ŏχ-ə-n lipi-na tŏχi χuj-ə-mt-ə-s, al χuj-i-li-j-ə-l. iśi-met lŭw wer-ə-m-ə-t-l, lŭw sit-ə-m-ə-t-l. a mŭw χɔr iki kɔrɔvat' mŏla divan χŏśa ittam χɔr mŭs iki im-el pil-na śi leśat-s-ə-lli. śi χɔrpi jăm χɔt-na ul-l-ə-t, χɔn χɔt χɔrpi χɔt-na mŏla
    croak-NMLZ.IMPF animal old:man say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST and 1PL and where go-NONPST-1PL and 2SG 2SG say-0-NONPST yesterday stand-NMLZ.IMPF big cone tree stand-NONPST such say-0-NONPST inside-3SG-LOC hollow-0-PL be-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST and DP root have-0-NONPST and dig-NONPST-0-2SG if tree hollow inside-LOC enter-NONPST-0-2SG if cone tree as:if tree 3 when run-0-TR-0-NONPST NEG run-0-TR-0-NONPST DP tree inside-LOC hid-IMP.SG.PL if and only can-NONPST-0-2SG remain-NMLZ.IMPF-TRANS DP say-0-NONPST DP tree how 1SG investigate-NONPST-PL.1SG 3 inside-3SG-LOC hollow have-NONPST [but] land male old:man say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST and 1SG where go-NONPST-0-1SG 1SG say-0-NONPST DP go-NONPST-0-1SG land male old:man say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST forever for land-LOC down enter-NONPST-0-1SG similar land-LOC be-NMLZ.IMPF start-NONPST-0-1SG DP ever that-DU go-PST-0-3DU flee-PST-0-3DU DP hide-PST-0-3DU [but] fox old:man DP croak-NMLZ.IMPF animal lie-0-NMLZ.PF money-0-3DU inside-LOC to:there lie-0-INCH-0-PST very:much lie-0-INCH-FREQ-0-NONPST same-SUPER 3 make-0-NMLZ.PF-0-N-3SG get-0-NMLZ.PF-0-N-3SG [but] land male old:man [bed] what [sofa] to that male cow old:man woman-3SG companion-LOC FOC prepare-PST-0-SG.3SG DP like good house-LOC be-NONPST-0-3PL king house like house-LOC what
    croak-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ животное старик сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST and 1МН and где идти-NONPST-1МН and 2ЕД 2ЕД сказать-0-NONPST yesterday стоять-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ большой cone дерево стоять-NONPST such сказать-0-NONPST inside-3ЕД-ЛОК hollow-0-МН быть-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST and DP root have-0-NONPST and dig-NONPST-0-2ЕД if дерево hollow inside-ЛОК войти-NONPST-0-2ЕД if cone дерево as:if дерево 3 когда бежать-0-TR-0-NONPST НЕГ бежать-0-TR-0-NONPST DP дерево inside-ЛОК hid-ИМП.ЕД.МН if and only can-NONPST-0-2ЕД остаться-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-TRANS DP сказать-0-NONPST DP дерево как 1ЕД investigate-NONPST-МН.1ЕД 3 inside-3ЕД-ЛОК hollow have-NONPST [но] земля male старик сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST and 1ЕД где идти-NONPST-0-1ЕД 1ЕД сказать-0-NONPST DP идти-NONPST-0-1ЕД земля male старик сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST forever for земля-ЛОК down войти-NONPST-0-1ЕД similar земля-ЛОК быть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-NONPST-0-1ЕД DP ever тот-ДВ идти-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ flee-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ DP прятать-ПРОШ-0-3ДВ [но] лиса старик DP croak-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ животное лежать-0-НМЛЗ.ПРФ money-0-3ДВ inside-ЛОК to:there лежать-0-ИНХ-0-ПРОШ very:much лежать-0-ИНХ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST same-SUPER 3 делать-0-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-0-N-3ЕД получить-0-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-0-N-3ЕД [но] земля male старик [постель] что [sofa] к тот male корова старик женщина-3ЕД товарищ-ЛОК ФОК приготовить-ПРОШ-0-ЕД.3ЕД DP любить хороший дом-ЛОК быть-NONPST-0-3МН king дом любить дом-ЛОК что
    Old man snake said: “Where shall we go?” “Before,” he said, “there used to be a big larch tree. Trees like that are hollow and have roots. If you burrow into the hollow of a tree like that, they won’t disturb the larch. They won’t disturb it. So hide inside the tree, only that will rescue you.” “Right,” he said. “I see this tree, it’s hollow on the inside.” Old man mammoth said: “And where shall I go? I’ll go into the earth, I’ll live in the earth.” So, fine. They left. They ran off and hid themselves. Old man fox lay where the animal had been lying, he lay down. He had taken care of the matter, had achieved his goal. And old man bull lay on the bed or couch of old man mammoth together with his wife. They were living in a beautiful house, in a house like the tsar’s.
  • ɔj, χŭw wan ul-l-ə-t, imŏsaj-na taś-ə-ŋ wɔs χuj jŏχt-ə-s ittam taś-ə-ŋ wɔs iki ew-el χŏśa, χɔr mŭs im-el χŏśa mɔjl-ə-ti-ji. ɔχsar iki law-i-li-j-ə-l, itta taś-ə-ŋ wɔs χuj pela law-ə-l: “jŏχət-ti χŏti śi jŏχət-s-ə-ti pa, law-ə-l ătti, i păltap tup, law-ə-l, u-l.” wɔs χuj law-i-li-j-ə-l: “mŏla păltap?” “pa tăm nɔχər jŭχ, law-ə-l, pa śi wŭl nɔχər jŭχ lɔj-ə-l. amŏla lip-el-na tăj-ə-l pa, law-ə-l, at-l χer-ij-ə-l. năŋ χul-li-li-s-a, law-ə-l, śi śat-l, χătl χer-ij-ə-l. lip-el-na amŏla tăj-ə-l.” “śit χŏti, law-ə-l, mŏla-ji pa jŏχi jăχ-l-ə-mən pa ittam jŏχəś jasəŋ mă-l-əm pa jălta, law-ə-l, wɔs sŭkat-ti pɔskan tu-l-a pa pɔskan es-l-a pa, law-ə-l, juχəl telna śi kalt-ew-na tu-l-ew, χŏś pela mătti mŏla tu-l-a χŏl-na uś-t-en ăntam”. “pa năŋ, law-ə-l, śiməś pŏrmas tăj-l-ə-n ki, jina ătti mŭŋ χŏtaś, law-ə-l, tăta sawi-man tăj-l-aj-mən năŋ jăχ-t-an ewəlt.”
    INTJ long short be-NONPST-0-3PL one-LOC herd-0-PROPR town man arrive-0-PST herd-0-PROPR town old:man girl-3SG to male cow woman-3SG to feast-NMLZ.IMPF-TRANS fox old:man say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST that herd-0-PROPR town man towards say-0-NONPST arrive-NMLZ.IMPF how FOC arrive-PST-0-2PL and say-0-NONPST DP [and] afraid only say-0-NONPST be-NONPST town man say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST what afraid and this cone tree say-0-NONPST and DP big cone tree stand-0-NONPST what inside-3SG-LOC have-0-NONPST and have-0-NONPST and say-0-NONPST night-3SG squeak-FREQ-0-NONPST 2SG hear-IMPF-IMPF-PST-PAS say-0-NONPST DP hear-NONPST day squeak-FREQ-0-NONPST inside-3SG-LOC what have-0-NONPST that how say-0-NONPST what-TRANS and homewards walk-NONPST-0-1DU and that homewards speech give-NONPST-0-1SG and ahead say-0-NONPST town break-NMLZ.IMPF [gun] bring-NONPST-PAS and [gun] release-NONPST-PAS and say-0-NONPST bow with so footstep-1PL-LOC bring-NONPST-SG.1PL away towards which what bring-NONPST-PAS where-LOC find-NMLZ.IMPF-2PL not:be and 2SG say-0-NONPST such means have-NONPST-0-2SG if DP DP 1PL how say-0-NONPST here tend-CVB have-NONPST-PAS-1DU 2SG walk-NMLZ.IMPF-2SG from
    МЕЖД длинный short быть-NONPST-0-3МН один-ЛОК herd-0-ПРОПР город мужчина прибыть-0-ПРОШ herd-0-ПРОПР город старик girl-3ЕД к male корова женщина-3ЕД к feast-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-TRANS лиса старик сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST тот herd-0-ПРОПР город мужчина в:направлении сказать-0-NONPST прибыть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ как ФОК прибыть-ПРОШ-0-2МН and сказать-0-NONPST DP [and] afraid only сказать-0-NONPST быть-NONPST город мужчина сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST что afraid and этот cone дерево сказать-0-NONPST and DP большой cone дерево стоять-0-NONPST что inside-3ЕД-ЛОК have-0-NONPST and have-0-NONPST and сказать-0-NONPST ночь-3ЕД squeak-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST 2ЕД слышать-ИМПФ-ИМПФ-ПРОШ-ПАС сказать-0-NONPST DP слышать-NONPST день squeak-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST inside-3ЕД-ЛОК что have-0-NONPST тот как сказать-0-NONPST что-TRANS and homewards идти-NONPST-0-1ДВ and тот homewards speech дать-NONPST-0-1ЕД and вперед сказать-0-NONPST город break-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ [ружье] принести-NONPST-ПАС and [ружье] release-NONPST-ПАС and сказать-0-NONPST лук с так footstep-1МН-ЛОК принести-NONPST-ЕД.1МН прочь в:направлении который что принести-NONPST-ПАС где-ЛОК найти-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-2МН not:be and 2ЕД сказать-0-NONPST such средство have-NONPST-0-2ЕД if DP DP 1МН как сказать-0-NONPST здесь tend-КОНВ have-NONPST-ПАС-1ДВ 2ЕД идти-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-2ЕД от
    They lived there for a long or a short time. All at once the man from the rich city came to visit his daughter, old man bull’s wife. Old man fox said to the man from the rich city: “So, you’ve come, only there’s a horrible thing.” The city man said: “What’s so horrible?” “Yes, there’s a larch tree. There’s something inside it, at night it chirps. Listen, you can hear it and it day, there’s something inside it.” “So,” he said, “why we’ll go home, at home I’ll give the order, from home I’ll bring a chirps by day, there’s something inside it.” “So,” he said, “why, we’ll go home, at home I’ll give the order, from home I’ll bring a cannon to shoot over the city. We’ll shoot the cannon and take the entire tree. We’ll take it somewhere, you won’t even know.” “If you have the means, we would really be saved when you came.”
  • ittam taś-ə-ŋ wɔs χuj jŏχi măn-l pa śikəńśa mŭr-l peli, l'al' jɔχ-l-al peli jasəŋ wer-ə-l pa śi χɔrpi pɔskan tu-l pa ittam nɔχər jŭχ śălta pɔskan-na nawərm-ə-t-l-ə-lli pa wek kŭssi ler-i wŏs-i telna χŏś pela tu-l-a pa sij-ə-l ăntam. a mŭw χɔr mŭw-ə-l-na il lăŋ-ə-s pa itta χŏl-na mŭw ur-na jăŋχ-ə-l tɔŋχa. itta taś-ə-t aratəlna χɔr mŭs pela χăś-s-ə-t. mŭs taś-l, ɔs taś-l, kălaŋ taś-l. ɔχsar iki itta luŋkər kăs-man ... itta ńŏχəmt-ij-ə-l. śi śŭń-ə-l χul-ə-l-na itta ul-l-ə-t.
    that herd-0-PROPR town man homewards go-NONPST and DP people-3SG DP war man-PL-3SG DP speech make-0-NONPST and DP like [gun] bring-NONPST and that cone tree from:there [gun]-LOC jump-0-TR-NONPST-0-SG.3SG and forever for root-PROPR root-PROPR with away towards bring-NONPST-PAS and noise-0-3SG not:be [but] land male land-0-3SG-LOC down enter-0-PST and DP where-LOC land forest-LOC walk-0-NONPST DP that herd-0-PL all male cow towards remain-PST-0-3PL cow herd-3SG sheep herd-3SG reindeer herd-3SG fox old:man that mouse seek-CVB DP run-FREQ-0-NONPST DP wealth-0-3SG prosperity-0-3SG-LOC DP be-NONPST-0-3PL
    тот herd-0-ПРОПР город мужчина homewards идти-NONPST and DP народ-3ЕД DP война мужчина-МН-3ЕД DP speech делать-0-NONPST and DP любить [ружье] принести-NONPST and тот cone дерево from:there [ружье]-ЛОК прыгать-0-TR-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД and forever for root-ПРОПР root-ПРОПР с прочь в:направлении принести-NONPST-ПАС and noise-0-3ЕД not:be [но] земля male земля-0-3ЕД-ЛОК down войти-0-ПРОШ and DP где-ЛОК земля лес-ЛОК идти-0-NONPST DP тот herd-0-МН весь male корова в:направлении остаться-ПРОШ-0-3МН корова herd-3ЕД sheep herd-3ЕД олень herd-3ЕД лиса старик тот mouse искать-КОНВ DP бежать-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST DP wealth-0-3ЕД prosperity-0-3ЕД-ЛОК DP быть-NONPST-0-3МН
    The man from the rich city went home, gave the order to his people, his soldiers. They brought the cannon and shot at the larch tree. They took it all with its roots off somewhere and nothing was heard of it again. But old man mammoth went into the earth and even today goes a in the earth forest. All the herds remained old man bull’s. The herd of cows, the herd of sheep, the herd of reindeer. The fox runs around. They still live happily today.